Work Number: 591 • Date of Printing: 1821 • Medium: Engraving (hand colored) • Subject Category: Natural History - Birds • Signed: Plate signed, Lower Left • Period Created: Romantic (1800 - 1899) • Plate Size HxWxD cm: 60.5 x 48 Leaf Paper Size HxW cm: 65 x 52 • Style: Elephant Folio Edition • Print on Verso: Blank on verso • Condition: Excellent • Edition Type: Elephant Folio Edition • Paper Type: Woven, Watermarked
This magnificent originally hand-colored, elephant folio engraving is from Prideux John Selby's Illustrations of British Ornithology . The work was published in Edinburgh between 1819 and 1834. The coloring is finished with gum arabic and the engraving is on woven, watermarked J. Whatman paper. Condition: Excellent (photos show yellow at edge but this is from the lighting, not on the print). Top length as small gummed paper tape (not in the actual print plate area), and will not show with matting.
Selby was a prominent naturalist that received drawing lessons from John James Audubon and was friends witht he likes of John Gould, Sir William Jardine, William Yarrell, and H. E. Strickland. He is often referred to as the British Audubon. He rendered all of the engravings with birds in their true to life size.Christine Jackson of Sotheby's noted besides "collecting and preserving birds, Selby had observed them in the field, making careful notes of their habitat and habits. At his leisure, he also sensitively colored drawings of them. With this accumulation of practical knowledge, specimens, and some drawings, Selby embarked in 1819 on an ambitious project to publish the most up-to-date, life-size illustrations of British birds...""Selby etched his drawings on copper plates and then either took or sent the plates to William Home Lizars in Edinburgh. Either Lizars or one of his workmen took a pull [proof impression] from Selby's plate and worked on any parts necessary to bring the plate to a very fine state of completion. Selby and Sir William Jardine both purchased their copper plates and etching ground from Pontifex of London, and their letters refer to the progress made in drawing and 'biting' or etching their plates. If they made a mistake or accidently over-etched a plate, they relied on Lizars to correct by burnishing to lighten it..."
"The cool, classical quality of Selby's plates belongs to an age of elegance and could never have been achieved by the Victorian John Gould. Selby's bird figures were the most accurate delineation of British birds to that date, and the liveliest. After so many books with small, stiff bird portraits, this new atlas with life-sized figures and more relaxed drawing was a great achievement in the long history of bird illustration." (Jackson, Bird Etchings)