Date of Printing: 1733 • Medium: Copperplate Engraving (hand colored) • Subject Category: Mythological • Signed: Plate signed, Lower Left • Period Created: Enlightenment (1700 - 1799) • Plate Size HxWxD cm: 47 x 29.5 • Leaf Paper Size HxW cm: 25.5 x 35 • Style: FOLIO Original Vintage • Print on Verso: Blank on verso • Condition: Excellent • Edition Type: Limited Edition • Paper Type: Laid Paper • Framed: Unframed
An ORIGINAL Bernard Picart's 1731 IXION'S WHEEL Mythology- Large Folio Copperplate Engraving, featured in many museum collections, such as in the Legion of Honor Fine Art Museum of San Francisco and the Art Museum of Toledo.
IXION'S WHEEL Mythology. While dining with Zeus and Hera and other Olympian gods, Ixion, the king of the Lapithae (a mythical race reputed to live in Thessaly), was consumed with lust for Hera. In his delirium, Ixion coupled with a cloud (Nephele) that Zeus had created in the likeness of Hera. From this union the part-human, part-horse Centaurs were born. As punishment for his impudence, Ixion was perpetually bound to a fiery wheel that revolves in the night sky.
This and the other Bernard Picart prints featured here come from The Temple of the Muses, a portfolio of sixty etchings and engravings designed and executed by Picart over a three year period. (The artist also created the separately engraved, ornamental borders surrounding each image.)
Obviously, the work involved in constructing these large and complex works of art was time consuming and the entire project took all of three years to complete. The completed set was published in Amsterdam by Chatelain in 1733, the year of Bernard Picart's death.
An exceptional French eighteenth century engraver, Bernard Picart received his artistic education from his father, Etienne (1632-1721), and from Le Brun and Jouvenet at the Royal Academy. To say that Bernard Picart's considerable talents developed rapidly would be an understatement: at the age of sixteen he gained honors at the Academy of Paris. He moved permanently to Amsterdam in 1710. At this time this city was a major center for both publishing and printmaking and for the following two decades Bernard Picart's fine work placed him as the successor to Romeyn de Hooghe.
Bernard Picart excelled chiefly in the fields of portraiture, ornamental designs and mythological and religious subjects, both after the old masters and upon his own creation. In the former category he was commissioned for portraits of Philip, Duke of Orleans, Eugene Francois, Prince of Savoy, Don Luis, Prince of the Asturias, Cardinal Jules Mazarin, and Kings Charles I, Charles II, James II, William III and George I. As an ornamental engraver, Bernard Picart designed and engraved plates for numerous books. He also contributed large plates to such famous sets as Les Impostures Innocentes (seventy-eight large engravings in imitation of old master engravers), the historically important Ceremonies Religieuses (1723-1743), and The Temple of the Muses.
Condition: Please view images carefully. Excellent Condition.