Date of Printing: 1775 • Medium: Copperplate Engraving (hand colored) • Subject Category: Natural History - Plants & Flowers • Signed: Plate signed, Lower Left • Period Created: Enlightenment (1700 - 1799) • Plate Size HxWxD cm: 32 x 20 • Leaf Paper Size HxW cm: 38.7 x 24.6 • Style: FOLIO Original Vintage • Print on Verso: Blank on verso • Condition: Very Good, slight foxing and toning in margins • Edition Type: 1st Edition - Limited • Paper Type: Laid Paper, Watermarked • Framed: Print only
This is a beautifully hand-coloured plate from what is generally considered to be Buchoz’s greatest and most botanically significant work, an encyclopedic collection of 1,200 engravings of plants, issued in 25 parts in the 1770s. The plates were derived from many sources, including the drawings in the Collection des Vélins in the Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris; many of those engravings were the first and only published form of these drawings.
Hugonia mystax, Decad 1, Pl. IX from "Histoire Universelle du Règne Végétal, ou nouveau dictionnaire physique et economique de toutes les plantes qui croissent sur la surface du globe, Vol. 1-3" [Universal History of the Plant Kingdom, or New Physical and Economic Dictionary of All the Plants that Cross the Earth's Surface] , Paris: [1774-]1775-80
Pierre Joseph Buchoz (1731-1807) (author); Mme. de St. Suire, Duchesne, Mme. Pinard, Femme Fessard et al. (after); Dupin fil., Claude Matthieu Fessard, Breant, Vincenzo Vangelisti et al. (engravers)
Pierre Joseph Buchoz (also spelled Buc'hoz), was a French physician and naturalist as well as an extremely prolific author of natural history books in the latter half of the 18th century, with a particular emphasis on copiously illustrated sets of botanicals. Born in Metz, he served at various times as physician to the King of Poland, the brother of the King of France, and the Duke of Artois. Buchoz was a member of academies in France and Europe and his monumental Histoire Universelle du Règne Végétal ([1774-]1775-1780) — with 1,200 botanical engravings — earned the approval of the Academy of Science. Some of the plates in his works were apparently derived from those in works by others (such as de Sève) and Buchoz also managed to be so prolific because he often adapted text and material between and among his own works. Nonetheless, the overall quality of his prints is comparable to the best European and English natural history works of the same period in their great attention to composition and scientific detail, and in the quality of the engraving and coloring. Indeed, Buchoz also had the distinction of producing the first European florilegium in which a large number of the images were of flowers grown in Chinese gardens, and which widely incorporated the so called “Chinoiserie” style, in Collection Précieuse et Enluminée des Fleurs les Plus Belles et les Plus Curieuses (1776-79).